Outside of Western culture, several other cultures have made consensual decisions. An early example is the Grand Council of the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois), which used a super majority of 75% to finalize its decisions, perhaps as early as 1142.  In Indaba`s Xulu and Xhosa (South Africa) processes, municipal chiefs meet to listen to the public and negotiate visual thresholds for an acceptable compromise. The technique was also used at the 2015 UN Climate Change Conference.   In the Cultures of Aceh and Nias (Indonesian), family and regional conflicts, from playground fights to successions, are settled through a Musyawarah consensus process, where the parties communicate to find peace and avoid future hostility and revenge. The resulting agreements must be respected, ranging from advice and warnings to compensation and exile.   Clear process: It is important to have a clear decision-making process and to ensure that everyone has a common understanding of how they work. Japanese companies typically use consensus decisions, which means that each decision is unanimously supported by the board of directors.  A ringi-sho is a circulating document used to obtain an agreement. It must be signed first by the manager of the lowest level, then upwards, and perhaps it will have to be reviewed and the process start from scratch.  These working groups or individuals can then make smaller, day-to-day decisions without returning everything to the whole group. For example, the whole group could agree on a food policy – but let the kitchen team decide what`s on the menu and where they shop! Be frank and honest about the reasons for your views and if possible.
Share your concerns early in the process so that they can be addressed in all proposals. decide that something is the best thing to do. You often use this phrase to refer to decisions or actions that you disagree with when doing things: if everyone agrees with a decision, they are much more likely to implement it. In the long run, people also remain more engaged in a group that is committed to hearing their views and meeting their needs. This is especially important in volunteer groups where most people vote and walk with their feet when they don`t feel appreciated and respected. In other words, the confusion between unanimity and consensus usually leads to the failure of the consensual decision and the group then returns to either majority rule, super-majority rule or dissolves. Consensual decisions are an alternative to common group decision-making processes.  The rules of Robert`s Order, for example, are a guide used by many organizations. This book makes it possible to structure the debate and to adopt proposals that can be approved by majority. It does not underline the objective of full convergence. Critics of such a process believe it may involve adversarial debate and the formation of competing political groups. This dynamic can damage relations with group members and undermine a group`s ability to co-implement a contested decision.
Consensual decisions seek to address the beliefs of these issues. Proponents argue that the results of the consensus process include: First of all, the topic may seem simple, but the discussion will begin soon when people bring different perspectives, information, and ideas to the table. The group then explores the different options, desires and needs. This middle part of the discussion can seem quite chaotic — it can be hard to see the way forward when everyone is looking at a lot of ideas and the needs of different people. You may think that you agree, and then a new factor appears, and you need to study the differences again (as illustrated by the tips of the diagram). Don`t lose heart! This exploration is necessary to have a good understanding of where everyone comes from. . . .